The Great Wall of Tiger Mountain is jointly certified by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage and the State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping as the eastern starting point of the Great Wall of Ming.
It was only on April 19, 2009 that the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain penetrated through the dust of history and was reborn on Tiger Mountain, guarding the Yalu River with its restored posture, and was jointly certified by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage and the State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping as the eastern starting point of the Great Wall. The country's public recognition, not only let the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain to name, but also make it a new Great Wall tourism hotspot.
The Great Wall of Tiger Mountain was lost in history for centuries.
Tiger Mountain juts out from the Yalu River, the mountain is shaped like a squat tiger, and the two main peaks of similar shape and altitude resemble the ears on the tiger's head, so they are also called "Tiger Ears Twin Peaks", which was once listed as one of the Eight Sceneries of Andong. Tiger Mountain has an extremely important strategic position because of its steepness and steepness, which blocks the east-west traffic and controls the Yalu River waterway in the south.
In the Ming dynasty, there were nine military towns in the Great Wall, known as the Nine Borders. The History of the Ming Dynasty records: "In the world of the final Ming Dynasty, the border defense was very important. From Yalu in the east to Jiayu in the west, it stretched for ten thousand miles and was divided to defend. The first military town in the nine borders is Liaodong Town, which governs the defense along the Great Wall from Yalu River in the east to Shanhaiguan in the west, and the location of Tiger Mountain Great Wall is in the eastern end of this section of the Great Wall under the jurisdiction of Liaodong Town. The Great Wall of Tiger Mountain was built in 1469, the fifth year of Chenghua of Ming Dynasty, which was supervised by Han Bin, the deputy commander-in-chief of Liaodong at that time. The military facilities of the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain mainly include the wall, wall platform, enemy platform, horse face, beacon platform, etc., which constitute a relatively complete defense system.
After Nurhachi became king, in order to preserve its "dragon and the land", he issued a decree strictly forbidden within the Shanhaiguan people to come outside the customs, the people inside the customs are not allowed in the birthplace of the Manchu farming and hunting. Therefore, he Hingxiu willow edge, in the construction of willow edge when he ordered most of the Great Wall of Liaodong, including the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain dismantled. After hundreds of years the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain is almost on the verge of annihilation so that for a long time, people believe that Shanhaiguan is the eastern end of the Great Wall of Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall of Liaodong buried for 300 years.
Digging up stones to build a house but digged out the Great Wall.
"This I remember quite clearly, at that time in the 1980s, my family lived in the area of the current Great Wall of Tiger Mountain, when a nearby family to build a house, went up the mountain to dig their own stones, but did not think that digging and digging that is not at all fragmented stones, so it was reported to the heritage department, and then there were experts to identify and repair. " Today has been working in the Great Wall of Hu Mountain scenic area for 24 years, Zou Jidong recalled.
Immediately experts from the cultural relics department to Tiger Mountain to survey and determine that is the Great Wall site, in order to this important relic, according to the Great Wall "comprehensive protection, focus on maintenance" principle, in October 1991, the late Mr. Zhu Xiyuan, executive director of the Great Wall Society of China, a researcher personally led the designers from Beijing to Tiger Mountain site draft repair. In February 1992, the Dandong government invited national and provincial archaeological, ancient architecture, landscape architecture experts to hold a "restoration of the eastern starting point of the Great Wall design demonstration", and adopted the "Great Wall of Tiger Mountain restoration design plan".
The present Great Wall of Tiger Mountain is based on the "Great Wall of Tiger Mountain restoration design plan" adopted in 1992 on the site of the Ming Great Wall restoration. In the spirit of cultural relics "repair the old as the old" principle, after repair of the Great Wall and the location of the buildings are in line with the site of archaeological discoveries of cultural relics. The Great Wall of Tiger Mountain has been repaired 1200 extension meters, including cross-street towers, enemy towers, battle platforms, horse face 12 and a beacon platform. The wall is 8 meters high and 5 meters wide at the bottom.
The restored Great Wall of Hu Shan is mainly made of masonry. The lower part of the Wall below the horse path is made of natural stone, while the battlements and the horse path are mainly made of bricks. The mountain-risk wall was restored in accordance with the archaeological findings at the northern foot of Tiger Mountain. The masonry-based Great Wall is a distinctive feature of the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain, and the restored mountain danger wall is one of the important sections that reflect the majestic and steep features of the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain.
Certified as the eastern starting point of the Great Wall and a source of pride for locals
Hu Shan Great Wall basic repair is complete, finally on April 18, 2009, after the State Administration of Cultural Heritage and the State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping over two years of resources of the Ming Great Wall investigation, released to the world the latest survey results: the Ming Great Wall east of Liaoning Hu Shan, west to Gansu Jiayuguan, from east to west through Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai 10 provinces (autonomous regions, the Great Wall of China). The total length of the 156 counties of the city (directly administered city) is 8,851.8 kilometers. The archaeological discovery of the site of the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain is an important event in the archaeological community, which restored the historical original appearance of the Great Wall east of the Yalu River.
"The Great Wall has actually been on their own doorstep, at that time really nobody thought, the Great Wall, that in the hearts of the Chinese people is to have a special position, Hushan Great Wall was certified as the eastern starting point of the Great Wall of Ming, let us feel all very proud." Zou Jidong said.
The iconic "cross-street tower" of the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain.
After officially ascending the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain, your first stop will be to see the Cross Street City Tower. Located on the northern slope of Tiger Mountain, the Crossing Wall Tower is the symbolic building of the Great Wall of Tiger Mountain. It has five floors in total, with three floors in the main body and two floors in the arrow tower. The top of each floor is covered with green tiles. The whole building is mainly red, giving people a majestic historical charm. The four characters "Great Wall of Tiger Mountain" hanging in front of the building are inscribed by Mr. Luo Zhewen, head of the Ancient Architecture Expert Group of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage and vice president of the Great Wall Society of China.
At the foot of the Great Wall, the closest distance to the China-North Korea waterway border is "one step across".
Apart from the Great Wall itself, one of the most distinctive features of the Great Wall of Hushan is the "One Step Over", which is the closest waterway border between China and North Korea, allowing you to cross the border in just one step. This is why it is called the "One Step". The name "One Step Beyond" comes from the fact that Yu Chidao divides the Yalu River into two tributaries, and the one that serves as the border is smaller, only one step away at its narrowest point. The island on the other side of the river is called Üchidao, which belongs to the DPRK. The Yalu River originates on the southern slopes of Mount Baekdu in the Changbai Mountains and flows through China's Jilin and Liaoning provinces and North Korea's Ryanggang, Jijang, and Pyongan provinces before emptying into the Yellow Sea near Donggang in China and Yongampo in North Korea. The main stream has a total length of 795 km, of which 203 km flows through the Dandong area.